Infrastructure for combined transport (terminals)
The AG4 Work Plan activity B2 on infrastructure for combined transport aims to provide the basis for a more comprehensive analysis on how to optimise logistic chains and combined transport flows.
The principle of combined transport is that long, mainly international transports are subdivided into a long-distance transport part on rail (or another sustainable mode) and intra-regional collection and distribution of goods, which is the shorter distance, carried out on road. The hubs of such logistic chains are multimodal terminals (or ports), mostly at a central location within a region.
Overall, combined transport is more sustainable than transport on road only, however time and cost of transshipment are obstacles against this form of transport, as well as the fact that it pays off only if there is a sufficient bundling of goods along the railway section.
Measures comprise all components relevant for the logistic chain, i.e. improving infrastructure and operation and applying smart technologies, as to achieve a selection of proposals:
- Increasing capacity of rail-road terminals and their accesses, both on rail and on road,
- Optimising transshipment procedures in the terminals,
- Controlling and monitoring the whole transport chain by means of smart ITS technology.
This study shall provide the basis for a more comprehensive analysis on how to optimise logistic chains and combined transport flows between multimodal terminals in the Alpine region and most important North Sea and Mediterranean ports, including by means of administrative and organisational measures and digitalisation.
The study will be finished and published by October 2019.