ARPAF - CrossBorder

Shared by: 
Action Group 4
Lead organization: 
Swiss Center for mountain regions SAB

Cross-border mobility in the Alpine Region

ARPAF Project "CrossBorder"

Since the launch of the Strategy, the Action Groups as well as the Executive Board of the Strategy have identified a number of themes and issues that need further and deeper investigation and preparatory activities in order to achieve the set goals. To support this,  the Alpine Region Preparatory Action Fund (ARPAF) was developed. Five projects, which start in 2018, were selected by the EUSALP Executive Board; amongst them the project "CrossBorder".

Tyrol as AG4 Leader joins the AG5 co-Leader, the Swiss Center for Mountain Regions as well as CIPRA International in the project CrossBorder on cross-border commuter mobility.

Transport networks have for a long time been planned in a purely national context. These transport networks therefore are no longer in coherence with the increasing passenger flows across borders. This holds particularly true for public transport systems. Most of the commuter’s transport flows across borders are by car. Congested roads with a negative impact on economy, society and the environment are the consequence. 

The aims of the project are:

  1. To establish an overview of cross-border mobility across the Alpine Region with a focus on daily commuting;
  2. To identify gaps of cross-border mobility with respect to infrastructure and soft factors;
  3. To identify solutions for facilitating daily cross-border passenger flows by sustainable transport modes through new opportunities offered by digitalisation;
  4. To provide a basis for future activities of AG4 and AG5 of EUSALP;
  5. To implement the findings in several hotspots for cross-border-commuting in the Alpine Region.

Project information

Programme: Alpine Region Preparatory Fund (ARPAF)
Lead partner: Swiss Center for Mountain Regions (SAB)
Project partners: Office of the Tyrolean Government, CIPRA International
Project length: 24 months, January 2018 to December 2019
Total project budget: 698.742 Euro
EU financial contribution: 628.868 Euro



Within the project a set of already existing cooperation models in the Alpine region has been collected. High-potential cooperation models possibly applicable to other Alpine regions have been defined and illustrated in a Storymap. The following Story Map will guide you through pre-selected best practice examples of cross-border commuter cooperation models in the Alpine Region.

START EXPLORING: Commuter Cooperation Models

Toolbox with measures for sustainable commuter mobility

A toolbox that encompassed concrete measures for enterprises to encourage sustainable commuter mobility has been developed, with the focus on (1) organizational measures and incentive systems, (2) infrastructure measures and (3) information, actions and campaigns.

Survey of the mobility behaviors is the first step towards the definition of adequate measures of enterprise mobility management and to assess the success of initiatives as well as to raise awareness among employees. The toolbox proposes several best practice examples and implementation guidelines to support sustainable commuter mobility in companies, e.g. management of parking spaces, collaboration with public transport providers, logistical measures etc..

The Toolbox is available for download in all Alpine Languages: [EN] [DE] [FR] [IT] [SI]


As important basis for the next steps of the project, the University Erlangen-Nuremberg on behalf of project partner Tyrol has produced an overview of cross-border mobility across the Alpine Region with a focus on daily commuting (WP2). The report includes an analysis of the quality of connections for road and rail infrastructure in twelve selected case studies. It allows classifying and comparing hotspots of cross-border commuting in the EUSALP perimeter.

The share of cross-border commuting within the EUSALP perimeter is significantly higher than the European average values, underlining the high relevance of the topic for mobility in the Alpine Region.

Summary of study results

Please find attached to this article the full report available for download.

Final Report on Co-operation in cross-border mobility in the Alpine region

CIPRA International, as project partner in the ARPAF Project "Cross-border", has conducted a collection and analysis of eleven co-operation models for cross-border commuter mobility in the Alpine region, the results of which are presented in this final report. Looking for examples for management and governance best practices, key stakeholders from within these high-potential co-operation models were interviewed focussing on how co-operation across borders works in practice. Thus, clarity in structures, responsibilities, partners' legal statuses, and political encouragement; quality and commonality in relationships and objectives; as well as a give-and-take mentality and subsidiarity were identified as success factors in cross-border co-operation. Notwithstanding, several legal, interpersonal, functional, and content related aspects were identified as major challenges in cross-border mobility co-operation in the Alpine Region.



Start and closure dates: 
January 2018 to December 2019